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[TPYBoard-Micropython之会python就能做硬件 2] 利用micropython控制NOKIA 5110屏

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2017-02-03 16:55:59    评分

转载请注明:@小五义 http://www.cnblogs.com/xiaowuyi

欢迎加入讨论群 64770604 一、本次实验所需器材

1、TPYboard V102板  一块

2、DS3231模块   一块

3、NOKIA 5110 LCD 屏 一块

4、杜邦线:若干

===感谢某宝“萝卜城”提供的TPYboard V102豪华版套餐===

二、Nokia 5110 LCD屏使用方法 1、什么是Nokia 5110 LCD?

Nokia 5110 LCD是NOKIA 公司生产的可用于其5110、6150,6100 等系列移动电话的液晶显示模块,国内厂家也生产有类似的兼容产品。该产品除应用于移动电话外,也可广泛应用于各类便携式设备的显示系统。与其它类型的产品相比,该模块具有以下特点:
●84x48 的点阵LCD,可以显示4 行汉字,
●采用串行接口与主处理器进行通信,接口信号线数量大幅度减少,包括电源和地在内的信号线仅有9 条。支持多种串行通信协议(如AVR 单片机的SPI、MCS51 的串口模式0等),传输速率高达4Mbps,可全速写入显示数据,无等待时间。
●可通过导电胶连接模块与印制版
●LCD 控制器/驱动器芯片已绑定到LCD 晶片上,模块的体积很小。
●采用低电压供电,正常显示时的工作电流在200μA 以下,且具有掉电模式。

2、Nokia 5110 LCD 引脚说明

Nokia 5110 LCD共有8个引脚,不同的板子可能标注的英文略有不同,具体含义如下:

标注 含义
GND 接地
BL 背景灯
Vcc 3.3V
CLK 时钟信号
DIN 数据流
DC 当为0时表示命令状态,当为1时表示数据状态
CE 使能端
RST RESET
3、Tpyboard V102连接5110的方法

这里使用的是SPI连接方法,如果你对什么是SPI连接还不是很清楚,你可以百度一下,这样有利于你从原理上搞明白为什么这么连接。具体针脚对应如下:(由于tpyboard v102有两个spi接口,这里我们选用x1对应接口)

TPYboard 5110LCD SPI
GND GND
X4 BL
3.3V Vcc
X6 CLK SCK
X8 DIN MOSI
X3 DC
X2 CE
X1 RST
4、5110 LCD字模的获取

(1)英文及数据的显示

本节提供了font.py文件,已经将英文、数字及符号的字模做好,可以直接调用。具体下载见文章最后的下载地址。

(2)汉字取模

汉字取模需要用到字模提取工具,该工具在文章后面的下载地址中可以下载。这里以“欢”为例具体说明使用方法如下:

第一步,打开工具:

第二步,点击新建图像,宽度与高度均为16,点击确定。如图:

第三步,在文字输入区写入要取模的汉字“欢”,按下ctrl+enter。

第四步,点左边菜单里的取模方式,点c51格式,于是得到:

0x04,0x24,0x44,0x84,0x64,0x9C,0x40,0x30,0x0F,0xC8,0x08,0x08,0x28,0x18,0x00,0x00,
0x10,0x08,0x06,0x01,0x82,0x4C,0x20,0x18,0x06,0x01,0x06,0x18,0x20,0x40,0x80,0x00,

第五步,对应填写到chinese.py文件中(该文件可从文章后面的网址下载),如下:
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 class CN_UTF8: """docstring for CN_UTF8""" #key:values #key: 使用汉字的UTF-8码 #values: 16*16 #   [0] 8*16 上半部分 #   [1] 8*16 下半部分 UTF8_CHINESE = { 0xe6aca2:[ [0x04,0x24,0x44,0x84,0x64,0x9C,0x40,0x30,0x0F,0xC8,0x08,0x08,0x28,0x18,0x00,0x00], [0x10,0x08,0x06,0x01,0x82,0x4C,0x20,0x18,0x06,0x01,0x06,0x18,0x20,0x40,0x80,0x00] ],#欢 0xe8bf8e:[ [0x40,0x40,0x42,0xCC,0x00,0x00,0xFC,0x04,0x02,0x00,0xFC,0x04,0x04,0xFC,0x00,0x00], [0x00,0x40,0x20,0x1F,0x20,0x40,0x4F,0x44,0x42,0x40,0x7F,0x42,0x44,0x43,0x40,0x00] ],#迎 0xe4bdbf:[ [0x80,0x60,0xF8,0x07,0x04,0xE4,0x24,0x24,0x24,0xFF,0x24,0x24,0x24,0xE4,0x04,0x00], [0x00,0x00,0xFF,0x00,0x80,0x81,0x45,0x29,0x11,0x2F,0x41,0x41,0x81,0x81,0x80,0x00] ],#使 0xe794a8:[ [0x00,0x00,0xFE,0x22,0x22,0x22,0x22,0xFE,0x22,0x22,0x22,0x22,0xFE,0x00,0x00,0x00], [0x80,0x60,0x1F,0x02,0x02,0x02,0x02,0x7F,0x02,0x02,0x42,0x82,0x7F,0x00,0x00,0x00] ],#用 0xe78eb0:[ [0x04,0x84,0x84,0xFC,0x84,0x84,0x00,0xFE,0x02,0x02,0xF2,0x02,0x02,0xFE,0x00,0x00], [0x20,0x60,0x20,0x1F,0x10,0x90,0x40,0x23,0x18,0x06,0x01,0x7E,0x80,0x83,0xE0,0x00] ],#现 0xe59ca8:[ [0x08,0x08,0x88,0xC8,0x38,0x0C,0x0B,0x08,0x08,0xE8,0x08,0x08,0x08,0x08,0x08,0x00], [0x02,0x01,0x00,0xFF,0x40,0x41,0x41,0x41,0x41,0x7F,0x41,0x41,0x41,0x41,0x40,0x00] ],#在 0xe697b6:[ [0x00,0xFC,0x84,0x84,0x84,0xFC,0x00,0x10,0x10,0x10,0x10,0x10,0xFF,0x10,0x10,0x00], [0x00,0x3F,0x10,0x10,0x10,0x3F,0x00,0x00,0x01,0x06,0x40,0x80,0x7F,0x00,0x00,0x00] ],#时 0xe997b4:[ [0x00,0xF8,0x01,0x06,0x00,0xF0,0x12,0x12,0x12,0xF2,0x02,0x02,0x02,0xFE,0x00,0x00], [0x00,0xFF,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x1F,0x11,0x11,0x11,0x1F,0x00,0x40,0x80,0x7F,0x00,0x00] ], #间 0xe68891:[ [0x20,0x24,0x24,0x24,0xFE,0x23,0x22,0x20,0x20,0xFF,0x20,0x22,0x2C,0xA0,0x20,0x00], [0x00,0x08,0x48,0x84,0x7F,0x02,0x41,0x40,0x20,0x13,0x0C,0x14,0x22,0x41,0xF8,0x00] ], #我 0xe8909d:[ [0x02,0x02,0xF2,0x92,0x97,0xF2,0x92,0x92,0x92,0xF2,0x97,0x92,0xF2,0x02,0x02,0x00], [0x00,0x80,0x88,0x88,0x44,0x4A,0x53,0x22,0x22,0x12,0x0A,0x06,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00] ], #萝 0xe58d9c:[ [0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0xFF,0x00,0x20,0x40,0x80,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00], [0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0xFF,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x03,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00] ], #卜 0xe699ba:[ [0x10,0x94,0x53,0x32,0x1E,0x32,0x52,0x10,0x00,0x7E,0x42,0x42,0x42,0x7E,0x00,0x00], [0x00,0x00,0x00,0xFF,0x49,0x49,0x49,0x49,0x49,0x49,0x49,0xFF,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00] ], #智 0xe883bd:[ [0x08,0xCC,0x4A,0x49,0x48,0x4A,0xCC,0x18,0x00,0x7F,0x88,0x88,0x84,0x82,0xE0,0x00], [0x00,0xFF,0x12,0x12,0x52,0x92,0x7F,0x00,0x00,0x7E,0x88,0x88,0x84,0x82,0xE0,0x00] ],#能 0xe682a8:[ [0x20,0x10,0x08,0xFC,0x23,0x10,0x88,0x67,0x04,0xF4,0x04,0x24,0x54,0x8C,0x00,0x00], [0x40,0x30,0x00,0x77,0x80,0x81,0x88,0xB2,0x84,0x83,0x80,0xE0,0x00,0x11,0x60,0x00] ],#您 0xe5bd93:[ [0x00,0x40,0x42,0x44,0x58,0x40,0x40,0x7F,0x40,0x40,0x50,0x48,0xC6,0x00,0x00,0x00], [0x00,0x40,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0xFF,0x00,0x00,0x00] ],#当 0xE5898D:[ [0x08,0x08,0xE8,0x29,0x2E,0x28,0xE8,0x08,0x08,0xC8,0x0C,0x0B,0xE8,0x08,0x08,0x00], [0x00,0x00,0xFF,0x09,0x49,0x89,0x7F,0x00,0x00,0x0F,0x40,0x80,0x7F,0x00,0x00,0x00] ]#前 } #key 汉字的UTF-8码 #isBottom 确定这次是获取 某个字的 上半部分(0) 还是下半部分(1) def get_chinese_utf8(self, key,isBottom = 0): values = self.UTF8_CHINESE[key] return values[isBottom]
三、显示“萝卜智能”的小实例

按照上面连接后,将tpyboard v102插入电脑usb,在TPFLASH内建立以下文件(可从文章后地址下载):

#font.py
//转载请注明:@小五义http://www.cnblogs.com/xiaowuyi 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 class FONT6_8: """docstring for FONT6_8""" FONTTYPE6_8 = [ [0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00] # 20 ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x5f, 0x00, 0x00] # 21 ! ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x07, 0x00, 0x07, 0x00] # 22 " ,[0x00, 0x14, 0x7f, 0x14, 0x7f, 0x14] # 23 # ,[0x00, 0x24, 0x2a, 0x7f, 0x2a, 0x12] # 24 $ ,[0x00, 0x23, 0x13, 0x08, 0x64, 0x62] # 25 % ,[0x00, 0x36, 0x49, 0x55, 0x22, 0x50] # 26 & ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x05, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00] # 27 ' ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x1c, 0x22, 0x41, 0x00] # 28 ( ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x41, 0x22, 0x1c, 0x00] # 29 ) ,[0x00, 0x14, 0x08, 0x3e, 0x08, 0x14] # 2a * ,[0x00, 0x08, 0x08, 0x3e, 0x08, 0x08] # 2b + ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x50, 0x30, 0x00, 0x00] # 2c , ,[0x00, 0x08, 0x08, 0x08, 0x08, 0x08] # 2d - ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x60, 0x60, 0x00, 0x00] # 2e . ,[0x00, 0x20, 0x10, 0x08, 0x04, 0x02] # 2f / ,[0x00, 0x3e, 0x51, 0x49, 0x45, 0x3e] # 30 0 ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x42, 0x7f, 0x40, 0x00] # 31 1 ,[0x00, 0x42, 0x61, 0x51, 0x49, 0x46] # 32 2 ,[0x00, 0x21, 0x41, 0x45, 0x4b, 0x31] # 33 3 ,[0x00, 0x18, 0x14, 0x12, 0x7f, 0x10] # 34 4 ,[0x00, 0x27, 0x45, 0x45, 0x45, 0x39] # 35 5 ,[0x00, 0x3c, 0x4a, 0x49, 0x49, 0x30] # 36 6 ,[0x00, 0x01, 0x71, 0x09, 0x05, 0x03] # 37 7 ,[0x00, 0x36, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x36] # 38 8 ,[0x00, 0x06, 0x49, 0x49, 0x29, 0x1e] # 39 9 ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x36, 0x36, 0x00, 0x00] # 3a : ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x56, 0x36, 0x00, 0x00] # 3b ; ,[0x00, 0x08, 0x14, 0x22, 0x41, 0x00] # 3c < ,[0x00, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14] # 3d = ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x41, 0x22, 0x14, 0x08] # 3e > ,[0x00, 0x02, 0x01, 0x51, 0x09, 0x06] # 3f ? ,[0x00, 0x32, 0x49, 0x79, 0x41, 0x3e] # 40 @ ,[0x00, 0x7e, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x7e] # 41 A ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x36] # 42 B ,[0x00, 0x3e, 0x41, 0x41, 0x41, 0x22] # 43 C ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x41, 0x41, 0x22, 0x1c] # 44 D ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x41] # 45 E ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x01] # 46 F ,[0x00, 0x3e, 0x41, 0x49, 0x49, 0x7a] # 47 G ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x08, 0x08, 0x08, 0x7f] # 48 H ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x41, 0x7f, 0x41, 0x00] # 49 I ,[0x00, 0x20, 0x40, 0x41, 0x3f, 0x01] # 4a J ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x08, 0x14, 0x22, 0x41] # 4b K ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40] # 4c L ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x02, 0x0c, 0x02, 0x7f] # 4d M ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x7f] # 4e N ,[0x00, 0x3e, 0x41, 0x41, 0x41, 0x3e] # 4f O ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x06] # 50 P ,[0x00, 0x3e, 0x41, 0x51, 0x21, 0x5e] # 51 Q ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x09, 0x19, 0x29, 0x46] # 52 R ,[0x00, 0x46, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x31] # 53 S ,[0x00, 0x01, 0x01, 0x7f, 0x01, 0x01] # 54 T ,[0x00, 0x3f, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x3f] # 55 U ,[0x00, 0x1f, 0x20, 0x40, 0x20, 0x1f] # 56 V ,[0x00, 0x3f, 0x40, 0x38, 0x40, 0x3f] # 57 W ,[0x00, 0x63, 0x14, 0x08, 0x14, 0x63] # 58 X ,[0x00, 0x07, 0x08, 0x70, 0x08, 0x07] # 59 Y ,[0x00, 0x61, 0x51, 0x49, 0x45, 0x43] # 5a Z ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x7f, 0x41, 0x41, 0x00] # 5b [ ,[0x00, 0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20] # 5c \ ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x41, 0x41, 0x7f, 0x00] # 5d ] ,[0x00, 0x04, 0x02, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04] # 5e ^ ,[0x00, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40] # 5f _ ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x00] # 60 ` ,[0x00, 0x20, 0x54, 0x54, 0x54, 0x78] # 61 a ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x48, 0x44, 0x44, 0x38] # 62 b ,[0x00, 0x38, 0x44, 0x44, 0x44, 0x20] # 63 c ,[0x00, 0x38, 0x44, 0x44, 0x48, 0x7f] # 64 d ,[0x00, 0x38, 0x54, 0x54, 0x54, 0x18] # 65 e ,[0x00, 0x08, 0x7e, 0x09, 0x01, 0x02] # 66 f ,[0x00, 0x0c, 0x52, 0x52, 0x52, 0x3e] # 67 g ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x08, 0x04, 0x04, 0x78] # 68 h ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x44, 0x7d, 0x40, 0x00] # 69 i ,[0x00, 0x20, 0x40, 0x44, 0x3d, 0x00] # 6a j ,[0x00, 0x7f, 0x10, 0x28, 0x44, 0x00] # 6b k ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x41, 0x7f, 0x40, 0x00] # 6c l ,[0x00, 0x7c, 0x04, 0x18, 0x04, 0x78] # 6d m ,[0x00, 0x7c, 0x08, 0x04, 0x04, 0x78] # 6e n ,[0x00, 0x38, 0x44, 0x44, 0x44, 0x38] # 6f o ,[0x00, 0x7c, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14, 0x08] # 70 p ,[0x00, 0x08, 0x14, 0x14, 0x18, 0x7c] # 71 q ,[0x00, 0x7c, 0x08, 0x04, 0x04, 0x08] # 72 r ,[0x00, 0x48, 0x54, 0x54, 0x54, 0x20] # 73 s ,[0x00, 0x04, 0x3f, 0x44, 0x40, 0x20] # 74 t ,[0x00, 0x3c, 0x40, 0x40, 0x20, 0x7c] # 75 u ,[0x00, 0x1c, 0x20, 0x40, 0x20, 0x1c] # 76 v ,[0x00, 0x3c, 0x40, 0x30, 0x40, 0x3c] # 77 w ,[0x00, 0x44, 0x28, 0x10, 0x28, 0x44] # 78 x ,[0x00, 0x0c, 0x50, 0x50, 0x50, 0x3c] # 79 y ,[0x00, 0x44, 0x64, 0x54, 0x4c, 0x44] # 7a z ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x08, 0x36, 0x41, 0x00] # 7b [ ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x7f, 0x00, 0x00] # 7c | ,[0x00, 0x00, 0x41, 0x36, 0x08, 0x00] # 7d ] ,[0x00, 0x10, 0x08, 0x08, 0x10, 0x08] # 7e ~ ,[0x00, 0x78, 0x46, 0x41, 0x46, 0x78] # 7f (delete) ] def get_font6_8(self, data): return self.FONTTYPE6_8[bytearray(data)[0] - 0x20]
#chinese.py
//转载请注明:@小五义http://www.cnblogs.com/xiaowuyi 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 class CN_UTF8: """docstring for CN_UTF8""" #key:values #key: 使用汉字的UTF-8码 #values: 16*16 #   [0] 8*16 上半部分 #   [1] 8*16 下半部分 UTF8_CHINESE = { 0xe6aca2:[ [0x04,0x24,0x44,0x84,0x64,0x9C,0x40,0x30,0x0F,0xC8,0x08,0x08,0x28,0x18,0x00,0x00], [0x10,0x08,0x06,0x01,0x82,0x4C,0x20,0x18,0x06,0x01,0x06,0x18,0x20,0x40,0x80,0x00] ],#欢 0xe8bf8e:[ [0x40,0x40,0x42,0xCC,0x00,0x00,0xFC,0x04,0x02,0x00,0xFC,0x04,0x04,0xFC,0x00,0x00], [0x00,0x40,0x20,0x1F,0x20,0x40,0x4F,0x44,0x42,0x40,0x7F,0x42,0x44,0x43,0x40,0x00] ],#迎 0xe4bdbf:[ [0x80,0x60,0xF8,0x07,0x04,0xE4,0x24,0x24,0x24,0xFF,0x24,0x24,0x24,0xE4,0x04,0x00], [0x00,0x00,0xFF,0x00,0x80,0x81,0x45,0x29,0x11,0x2F,0x41,0x41,0x81,0x81,0x80,0x00] ],#使 0xe794a8:[ [0x00,0x00,0xFE,0x22,0x22,0x22,0x22,0xFE,0x22,0x22,0x22,0x22,0xFE,0x00,0x00,0x00], [0x80,0x60,0x1F,0x02,0x02,0x02,0x02,0x7F,0x02,0x02,0x42,0x82,0x7F,0x00,0x00,0x00] ],#用 0xe78eb0:[ [0x04,0x84,0x84,0xFC,0x84,0x84,0x00,0xFE,0x02,0x02,0xF2,0x02,0x02,0xFE,0x00,0x00], [0x20,0x60,0x20,0x1F,0x10,0x90,0x40,0x23,0x18,0x06,0x01,0x7E,0x80,0x83,0xE0,0x00] ],#现 0xe59ca8:[ [0x08,0x08,0x88,0xC8,0x38,0x0C,0x0B,0x08,0x08,0xE8,0x08,0x08,0x08,0x08,0x08,0x00], [0x02,0x01,0x00,0xFF,0x40,0x41,0x41,0x41,0x41,0x7F,0x41,0x41,0x41,0x41,0x40,0x00] ],#在 0xe697b6:[ [0x00,0xFC,0x84,0x84,0x84,0xFC,0x00,0x10,0x10,0x10,0x10,0x10,0xFF,0x10,0x10,0x00], [0x00,0x3F,0x10,0x10,0x10,0x3F,0x00,0x00,0x01,0x06,0x40,0x80,0x7F,0x00,0x00,0x00] ],#时 0xe997b4:[ [0x00,0xF8,0x01,0x06,0x00,0xF0,0x12,0x12,0x12,0xF2,0x02,0x02,0x02,0xFE,0x00,0x00], [0x00,0xFF,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x1F,0x11,0x11,0x11,0x1F,0x00,0x40,0x80,0x7F,0x00,0x00] ], #间 0xe68891:[ [0x20,0x24,0x24,0x24,0xFE,0x23,0x22,0x20,0x20,0xFF,0x20,0x22,0x2C,0xA0,0x20,0x00], [0x00,0x08,0x48,0x84,0x7F,0x02,0x41,0x40,0x20,0x13,0x0C,0x14,0x22,0x41,0xF8,0x00] ], #我 0xe8909d:[ [0x02,0x02,0xF2,0x92,0x97,0xF2,0x92,0x92,0x92,0xF2,0x97,0x92,0xF2,0x02,0x02,0x00], [0x00,0x80,0x88,0x88,0x44,0x4A,0x53,0x22,0x22,0x12,0x0A,0x06,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00] ], #萝 0xe58d9c:[ [0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0xFF,0x00,0x20,0x40,0x80,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00], [0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0xFF,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x03,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00] ], #卜 0xe699ba:[ [0x10,0x94,0x53,0x32,0x1E,0x32,0x52,0x10,0x00,0x7E,0x42,0x42,0x42,0x7E,0x00,0x00], [0x00,0x00,0x00,0xFF,0x49,0x49,0x49,0x49,0x49,0x49,0x49,0xFF,0x00,0x00,0x00,0x00] ], #智 0xe883bd:[ [0x08,0xCC,0x4A,0x49,0x48,0x4A,0xCC,0x18,0x00,0x7F,0x88,0x88,0x84,0x82,0xE0,0x00], [0x00,0xFF,0x12,0x12,0x52,0x92,0x7F,0x00,0x00,0x7E,0x88,0x88,0x84,0x82,0xE0,0x00] ],#能 0xe682a8:[ [0x20,0x10,0x08,0xFC,0x23,0x10,0x88,0x67,0x04,0xF4,0x04,0x24,0x54,0x8C,0x00,0x00], [0x40,0x30,0x00,0x77,0x80,0x81,0x88,0xB2,0x84,0x83,0x80,0xE0,0x00,0x11,0x60,0x00] ],#您 0xe5bd93:[ [0x00,0x40,0x42,0x44,0x58,0x40,0x40,0x7F,0x40,0x40,0x50,0x48,0xC6,0x00,0x00,0x00], [0x00,0x40,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0x44,0xFF,0x00,0x00,0x00] ],#当 0xE5898D:[ [0x08,0x08,0xE8,0x29,0x2E,0x28,0xE8,0x08,0x08,0xC8,0x0C,0x0B,0xE8,0x08,0x08,0x00], [0x00,0x00,0xFF,0x09,0x49,0x89,0x7F,0x00,0x00,0x0F,0x40,0x80,0x7F,0x00,0x00,0x00] ]#前 } #key 汉字的UTF-8码 #isBottom 确定这次是获取 某个字的 上半部分(0) 还是下半部分(1) def get_chinese_utf8(self, key,isBottom = 0): values = self.UTF8_CHINESE[key] return values[isBottom]
#upcd8544.py
//转载请注明:@小五义http://www.cnblogs.com/xiaowuyi 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100 101 102 103 104 105 106 107 108 109 110 111 112 113 114 115 116 117 118 119 120 121 122 123 124 125 126 127 128 129 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 141 142 143 144 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 157 158 159 160 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255 256 257 258 259 260 261 262 263 264 265 266 267 268 269 270 271 272 273 274 275 276 277 278 279 280 281 282 283 284 285 286 287 288 289 290 291 292 293 294 295 296 297 298 299 300 301 302 303 304 305 306 307 308 309 310 # -*- coding: utf-8 -*- """ MicroPython PCD8544 driver (for Nokia 5110 displays) """ __author__     = "Markus Birth" __copyright__  = "Copyright 2015, Markus Birth" __credits__    = ["Markus Birth"] __license__    = "MIT" __version__    = "1.0" __maintainer__ = "Markus Birth" __email__      = "markus@birth-online.de" __status__     = "Production" # Datasheet: https://www.sparkfun.com/datasheets/LCD/Monochrome/Nokia5110.pdf # Inspiration from: #   - https://github.com/inaugurator/upyd5110 #   - https://github.com/rm-hull/pcd8544/blob/master/src/lcd.py # # PINOUT # WiPy/pyBoard      display   function # # 3V3 or any Pin => VCC       3.3V logic voltage (0=off, 1=on) # MOSI           => DIN       data flow (Master out, Slave in) # SCK            => CLK       SPI clock # any Pin        => RST       Reset pin (0=reset, 1=normal) # any Pin        => CE        Chip Enable (0=listen for input, 1=ignore input) # any Pin        => DC        Data/Command (0=commands, 1=data) # any Pin        => LIGHT     Light (0=on, 1=off) # GND            => GND # # pyBoard "Y" side # SPI    = pyb.SPI(1) # RST    = pyb.Pin('Y4') # CE     = pyb.Pin('Y5') # DC     = pyb.Pin('Y3') # LIGHT  = pyb.Pin('Y2') # PWR    = pyb.Pin('Y1') # # pyBoard "X" side # SPI    = pyb.SPI(2) # RST    = pyb.Pin('X4') # CE     = pyb.Pin('X5') # DC     = pyb.Pin('X3') # LIGHT  = pyb.Pin('X2') # PWR    = pyb.Pin('X1') # # WiPy (on Exp board, SD and User-LED jumper have to be removed!) # SPI    = machine.SPI(0)   # GP14 (CLK) + GP16 (MOSI->DIN), User-LED jumper removed! # RST    = machine.Pin('GP24') # CE     = machine.Pin('GP12') # DC     = machine.Pin('GP22') # LIGHT  = machine.Pin('GP23') # PWR    = directly from 3V3 pin of the WiPy try: import pyb as machine except: # WiPy import machine import sys import struct import time import font import chinese class PCD8544: ADDRESSING_HORIZ = 0x00 ADDRESSING_VERT  = 0x02 INSTR_BASIC = 0x00 INSTR_EXT   = 0x01 POWER_UP   = 0x00 POWER_DOWN = 0x04 DISPLAY_BLANK   = 0x08 DISPLAY_ALL     = 0x09 DISPLAY_NORMAL  = 0x0c DISPLAY_INVERSE = 0x0d TEMP_COEFF_0 = 0x04 TEMP_COEFF_1 = 0x05 TEMP_COEFF_2 = 0x06 TEMP_COEFF_3 = 0x07 BIAS_1_4  = 0x17   # 1/4th BIAS_1_5  = 0x16   # 1/5th BIAS_1_6  = 0x15   # 1/6th BIAS_1_7  = 0x14   # 1/7th BIAS_1_8  = 0x13   # 1/8th BIAS_1_9  = 0x12   # 1/9th BIAS_1_10 = 0x11   # 1/10th BIAS_1_11 = 0x10   # 1/11th def __init__(self, spi, rst, ce, dc, light, pwr=None): self.width  = 84 self.height = 48 self.power      = self.POWER_DOWN self.addressing = self.ADDRESSING_HORIZ self.instr      = self.INSTR_BASIC self.display_mode = self.DISPLAY_BLANK self.temp_coeff = self.TEMP_COEFF_0 self.bias       = self.BIAS_1_11 self.voltage    = 3060 # init the SPI bus and pins spi.init(spi.MASTER, baudrate=328125, bits=8, polarity=0, phase=1, firstbit=spi.MSB) if "OUT_PP" in dir(rst): # pyBoard style rst.init(rst.OUT_PP, rst.PULL_NONE)  # Reset line ce.init(ce.OUT_PP, ce.PULL_NONE)     # Chip Enable dc.init(dc.OUT_PP, dc.PULL_NONE)     # Data(1) / Command(0) mode light.init(light.OUT_PP, light.PULL_NONE) if pwr: pwr.init(pwr.OUT_PP, pwr.PULL_NONE) else: # WiPy style rst.init(rst.OUT, None) ce.init(ce.OUT, None) dc.init(dc.OUT, None) light.init(light.OUT, None) if pwr: pwr.init(pwr.OUT, None) self.spi   = spi self.rst   = rst self.ce    = ce self.dc    = dc self.light = light self.pwr   = pwr self.light_off() self.power_on() self.ce.value(1)  # set chip to disable (don't listen to input) self.reset() self.set_contrast(0xbf) self.clear() self.lcd_font = font.FONT6_8() self.chinese = chinese.CN_UTF8() def _set_function(self): """ Write current power/addressing/instructionset values to lcd. """ value = 0x20 | self.power | self.addressing | self.instr self.command([value]) def set_power(self, power, set=True): """ Sets the power mode of the LCD controller """ assert power in [self.POWER_UP, self.POWER_DOWN], "Power must be POWER_UP or POWER_DOWN." self.power = power if set: self._set_function() def set_adressing(self, addr, set=True): """ Sets the adressing mode """ assert addr in [self.ADDRESSING_HORIZ, self.ADDRESSING_VERT], "Addressing must be ADDRESSING_HORIZ or ADDRESSING_VERT." self.addressing = addr if set: self._set_function() def set_instr(self, instr, set=True): """ Sets instruction set (basic/extended) """ assert instr in [self.INSTR_BASIC, self.INSTR_EXT], "Instr must be INSTR_BASIC or INSTR_EXT." self.instr = instr if set: self._set_function() def set_display(self, display_mode): """ Sets display mode (blank, black, normal, inverse) """ assert display_mode in [self.DISPLAY_BLANK, self.DISPLAY_ALL, self.DISPLAY_NORMAL, self.DISPLAY_INVERSE], "Mode must be one of DISPLAY_BLANK, DISPLAY_ALL, DISPLAY_NORMAL or DISPLAY_INVERSE." assert self.instr == self.INSTR_BASIC, "Please switch to basic instruction set first." self.display_mode = display_mode self.command([display_mode]) def set_temp_coeff(self, temp_coeff): """ Sets temperature coefficient (0-3) """ assert 4 <= temp_coeff < 8, "Temperature coefficient must be one of TEMP_COEFF_0..TEMP_COEFF_3." assert self.instr == self.INSTR_EXT, "Please switch to extended instruction set first." self.temp_coeff = temp_coeff self.command([temp_coeff]) def set_bias(self, bias): """ Sets the LCD bias. """ assert 0x10 <= bias <= 0x17, "Bias must be one of BIAS_1_4..BIAS_1_11." assert self.instr == self.INSTR_EXT, "Please switch to extended instruction set first." self.bias = bias self.command([bias]) def set_voltage(self, millivolts): """ Sets the voltage of the LCD charge pump in millivolts. """ assert 3060 <= millivolts <= 10680, "Voltage must be between 3,060 and 10,680 mV." assert self.instr == self.INSTR_EXT, "Please switch to extended instruction set first." self.voltage = millivolts basevoltage = millivolts - 3060 incrementor = basevoltage // 60 code = 0x80 & incrementor self.command([code]) def set_contrast(self, value): """ set LCD voltage, i.e. contrast """ assert 0x80 <= value <= 0xff, "contrast value must be between 0x80 and 0xff" self.command([0x21, self.TEMP_COEFF_2, self.BIAS_1_7, value, 0x20, self.DISPLAY_NORMAL]) # 0x21 - enter extended instruction set (H=1) # 0x06 - set temperature coefficient 2 # 0x14 - set BIAS system to n=3 (recomm. mux rate 1:40/1:34) # value - (80-ff) - set Vop (80 = 3.00V, ff = 10.68V), 8b seems to work (0x3b/d70: 3.00+(70*0.06)=7.2V) # 0x20 - back to basic instruction set # 0x0c - normal display mode def position(self, x, y): """ set cursor to bank y, column x """ assert 0 <= x < self.width, "x must be between 0 and 83" assert 0 <= y < self.height // 8, "y must be between 0 and 5" assert self.instr == self.INSTR_BASIC, "Please switch to basic instruction set first." self.command([x + 0x80, y + 0x40]) def clear(self): """ clear screen """ self.position(0, 0) self.data([0] * (self.height * self.width // 8)) self.position(0, 0) def sleep_ms(self, mseconds): try: time.sleep_ms(mseconds) except AttributeError: machine.delay(mseconds) def sleep_us(self, useconds): try: time.sleep_us(useconds) except AttributeError: machine.udelay(useconds) def power_on(self): if self.pwr: self.pwr.value(1) self.reset() def reset(self): """ issue reset impulse to reset the display """ self.rst.value(0)  # RST on self.sleep_us(100) # reset impulse has to be >100 ns and <100 ms self.rst.value(1)  # RST off # Defaults after reset: self.power      = self.POWER_DOWN self.addressing = self.ADDRESSING_HORIZ self.instr      = self.INSTR_BASIC self.display_mode = self.DISPLAY_BLANK self.temp_coeff = self.TEMP_COEFF_0 self.bias       = self.BIAS_1_11 self.voltage    = 3060 def power_off(self): self.clear() self.command([0x20, 0x08]) # 0x20 - basic instruction set # 0x08 - set display to blank (doesn't delete contents) self.sleep_ms(10) if self.pwr: self.pwr.value(0) # turn off power def command(self, arr): """ send bytes in command mode """ self.bitmap(arr, 0) def data(self, arr): """ send bytes in data mode """ self.bitmap(arr, 1) def bitmap(self, arr, dc): self.dc.value(dc) buf = struct.pack('B'*len(arr), *arr) self.ce.value(0) # set chip to listening/enable try: self.spi.send(buf) except AttributeError: self.spi.write(buf) self.ce.value(1) # set chip to disable def light_on(self): self.light.value(0)  # pull to GND def light_off(self): self.light.value(1)  # set to HIGH def lcd_write_string(self, string, x, y): self.position(x,y) for i in string: self.data(self.lcd_font.get_font6_8(i)) def lcd_write_chineses(str,x,y,space = 9): # i,j=0,0 # lsLen = len(str) # while (j # self.lcd_write_chinese(str[j],x+(i*space),y) # i+=1 # j+=1 return 0 def lcd_write_chinese(self,data,x,y): #获取 字 的UTF8码 code = 0x00 #赋初值 data_code = data.encode("UTF-8") code |= data_code[0]<<16 code |= data_code[1]<<8 code |= data_code[2] #获取 字 的UTF8码 END self.position(x,y) self.data(self.chinese.get_chinese_utf8(code,0)) self.position(x,y+1) self.data(self.chinese.get_chinese_utf8(code,1))
#boot.py
//转载请注明:@小五义http://www.cnblogs.com/xiaowuyi 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 # boot.py -- run on boot-up # can run arbitrary Python, but best to keep it minimal import machine import pyb #pyb.main('main.py') # main script to run after this one #pyb.usb_mode('CDC+MSC') # act as a serial and a storage device #pyb.usb_mode('CDC+HID') # act as a serial device and a mouse
#main.py
//转载请注明:@小五义http://www.cnblogs.com/xiaowuyi 
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 # main.py -- put your code here! import pyb import upcd8544 from machine import SPI,Pin def main(): lcd_5110.lcd_write_chinese('萝',14,0) lcd_5110.lcd_write_chinese('卜',30,0) lcd_5110.lcd_write_chinese('智',46,0) lcd_5110.lcd_write_chinese('能',62,0) pyb.delay(1000) if __name__ == '__main__': SPI = pyb.SPI(1) #DIN=>X8-MOSI/CLK=>X6-SCK RST    = pyb.Pin('X1') CE     = pyb.Pin('X2') DC     = pyb.Pin('X3') LIGHT  = pyb.Pin('X4') lcd_5110 = upcd8544.PCD8544(SPI, RST, CE, DC, LIGHT) while(1): main()

实现效果如图:


以上提到的程序原代码及工具下载地址:https://pan.baidu.com/s/1eRZZd1C



关键词: TPYBoard-Micropython     硬件     m    

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