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一个VHDL电梯控制器的程序

高工
2007-08-01 09:21:38    评分

1、  每层电梯的入口处设有上下请求开关,电梯内设有乘客到达层次的停站请求开关。


2、  设有电梯所处位置指示装置及电梯运行模式(上升或下降)指示装置。


3、  电梯每秒升降一层。


4、  电梯到达有停站请求的楼层后,经过1s电梯打开,开门只是灯亮,开门4s后,电梯门关闭(关门指示灯灭),电梯继续运行,直至执行完请求信号后停在当前楼层。


5、  能记忆电梯内外的所以请求信号,并按照电梯运行规则依次响应,每个请求信号保留至执行后消除。


6、  电梯运行规则:当电梯处于上升模式时,只响应比电梯所在位置高的上楼信号,由下至上依次执行,直到最后一个上楼请求执行完毕,如更高层有下楼请求时,则直接升到有下降请求的最高楼接客,然后进入下降模式,但电梯处于下降模式时,则与上升模式相反。


7、  电梯初始状态为一层门开。


library ieee;
use ieee.std_logic_1164.all;
use ieee.std_logic_unsigned.all;

 


entity led1 is
port(ledin:in std_logic_vector(3 downto 0);
ledout:out std_logic_vector(6 downto 0));
end led1;

 

architecture a_led of led1 is
begin
process(ledin)
begin
case ledin is --The sequence is "g f e d c b a"
when "0000" => ledout<="0111111"; -- " show 0 "
when "0001" => ledout<="0000110"; -- " show 1 "
when "0010" => ledout<="1011011"; -- " show 2 "
when "0011" => ledout<="1001111"; -- " show 3 "
when "0100" => ledout<="1100110"; -- " show 4 "
when "0101" => ledout<="1101101"; -- " show 5 "
when "0110" => ledout<="1111101"; -- " show 6 "
when "0111" => ledout<="0000111"; -- " show 7 "
when "1000" => ledout<="1111111"; -- " show 8 "
when "1001" => ledout<="1101111"; -- " show 9 "
when "1010" => ledout<="1110111"; -- " show 10 "
when "1011" => ledout<="1111100"; -- " show 11 "
when "1100" => ledout<="0111001"; -- " show 12 "
when "1101" => ledout<="1011110"; -- " show 13 "
when "1110" => ledout<="1111001"; -- " show 14 "
when "1111" => ledout<="1110001"; -- " show 15 "
when others => ledout<="XXXXXXX"; --必须有,Here it is 'X',single quote
end case;
end process ;
end a_led;
library IEEE;
use IEEE.std_logic_1164.all;
use IEEE.std_logic_arith.all;
use IEEE.std_logic_unsigned.all;

 

entity lift1 is
port (
clk: in STD_LOGIC; --2hz信号
upin: in STD_LOGIC; --上升请求键
downin: in STD_LOGIC; --下降请求键
st_ch: in STD_LOGIC; --楼层选择键
close: in STD_LOGIC; --提前关门键
delay: in STD_LOGIC; --延时关门键
run_stop: in STD_LOGIC; --电梯运行开关
lamp: out STD_LOGIC; --运行或停止灯
run_waitdis: out STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (6 downto 0); --运行或等待时间
st_outdis: out STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (6 downto 0); --电梯所在楼层指示
directdis: out STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (6 downto 0) --楼层选择指示
);
end lift1;

 

architecture lift1_arch of lift1 is
component led1
port(ledin:in std_logic_vector(3 downto 0);
ledout:out std_logic_vector(6 downto 0));
end component;

 

signal ur,dr:STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (6 downto 1);
signal dir,liftor:integer range 0 to 5;
signal wai_t:STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (2 downto 0);
signal divide,hand,clkin:STD_LOGIC;
signal ladd:STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (1 downto 0);
signal closex,delayx:STD_LOGIC;
signal run_wait: STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (3 downto 0);
signal st_out: STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (3 downto 0);
signal direct: STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (3 downto 0);

 

begin
direct<='0'&conv_std_logic_vector(dir,3)+1;
st_out<='0'&conv_std_logic_vector(liftor,3)+1;
run_wait<='0'&wai_t;
lamp<=ladd(1);
hand<=wai_t(2) and (not wai_t(1)) and wai_t(0);
closex<=close and (not ladd(1));
delayx<=delay and (not ladd(1));

 

urun_wait:led1 port map(run_wait,run_waitdis);
ust_out:led1 port map(st_out,st_outdis);
udirect:led1 port map(direct,directdis);

 

p0:process(clk)
begin
if (clk'event and clk='1') then
clkin<=not clkin;
end if;
end process p0;

 

p1:process(clkin)
begin
if (clkin'event and clkin='1') then
divide<=not divide;
if (dir=5) then
dir<=0;
else
dir<=dir+1;
end if;
end if;
end process p1;

 

p2:process(ur,dr,dir,upin,downin,st_ch,liftor,wai_t,run_stop,hand)
variable num,t:integer range 0 to 6;
begin
num:=liftor+1;
t:=dir+1;
if (run_stop='1') then
if (((t>num) and (st_ch='1')) or (upin='1')) then
case t is
when 1 => ur(1)<='1';
when 2 => ur(2)<='1';
when 3 => ur(3)<='1';
when 4 => ur(4)<='1';
when 5 => ur(5)<='1';
when 6 => ur(6)<='1';
when others =>Null;
end case;
elsif (hand='1') then
case num is
when 1 => ur(1)<='0';
when 2 => ur(2)<='0';
when 3 => ur(3)<='0';
when 4 => ur(4)<='0';
when 5 => ur(5)<='0';
when 6 => ur(6)<='0';
when others =>Null;
end case;
end if;
if (((t<num) and (st_ch='1')) or (downin='1')) then
case t is
when 1 => dr(1)<='1';
when 2 => dr(2)<='1';
when 3 => dr(3)<='1';
when 4 => dr(4)<='1';
when 5 => dr(5)<='1';
when 6 => dr(6)<='1';
when others =>Null;
end case;
elsif (hand='1') then
case num is
when 1 => dr(1)<='0';
when 2 => dr(2)<='0';
when 3 => dr(3)<='0';
when 4 => dr(4)<='0';
when 5 => dr(5)<='0';
when 6 => dr(6)<='0';
when others =>Null;
end case;
end if;
else
ur<="000000";
dr<="000000";
end if;
end process p2;

 

p3:process(ur,dr,liftor,ladd,wai_t,run_stop)
begin
if (run_stop='1') then
if (wai_t="110") then
if ((ur or dr)="000000") then
ladd(1)<='0';
else
case liftor is
when 0 =>if ((ur(1) or dr(1))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
else
ladd<="11";
end if;
when 1 =>if ((ur(2) or dr(2))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
elsif(((ladd(0)='1') and ((ur(6 downto 3) or dr(6 downto 3))>"0000")) or((ur(1) or dr(1))='0')) then
ladd<="11";
else
ladd<="10";
end if;
when 2 =>if ((ur(3) or dr(3))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
elsif(((ladd(0)='1') and ((ur(6 downto 4) or dr(6 downto 4))>"000")) or((ur(2 downto 1) or dr(2 downto 1))="00")) then
ladd<="11";
else
ladd<="10";
end if;
when 3 =>if ((ur(4) or dr(4))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
elsif(((ladd(0)='1') and ((ur(6 downto 5) or dr(6 downto 5))>"00")) or((ur(3 downto 1) or dr(3 downto 1))="000")) then
ladd<="11";
else
ladd<="10";
end if;
when 4 =>if ((ur(5) or dr(5))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
elsif(((ladd(0)='1') and ((ur(6) or dr(6))>'0')) or((ur(4 downto 1) or dr(4 downto 1))="0000")) then
ladd<="11";
else
ladd<="10";
end if;
when 5 =>if ((ur(6) or dr(6))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
else
ladd<="10";
end if;
when others=>null;
end case;
end if;
end if;
else
ladd<="00";
end if;
end process p3;

 

p4:process(divide,wai_t,ladd,closex,delayx)
begin
if (divide'event and divide='1') then
if (wai_t="000" or closex='1') then
wai_t<="110";
else
if (delayx='0') then
wai_t<=wai_t-1;
else
wai_t<="010";
end if;
if (wai_t="001") then
if (ladd="11") then
liftor<=liftor+1;
elsif (ladd="10") then
liftor<=liftor-1;
end if;
end if;
end if;
end if;
end process p4;
end lift1_arch;
library IEEE;
use IEEE.std_logic_1164.all;
use IEEE.std_logic_arith.all;
use IEEE.std_logic_unsigned.all;

 

entity lifter is
port (
clk: in STD_LOGIC; --4mhz信号
upin: in STD_LOGIC; --上升请求键
downin: in STD_LOGIC; --下降请求键
st_ch: in STD_LOGIC; --楼层选择键
close: in STD_LOGIC; --提前关门键
delay: in STD_LOGIC; --延时关门键
run_stop: in STD_LOGIC; --电梯运行开关
lamp: out STD_LOGIC; --运行或停止灯
selout:out STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (2 downto 0);
segout: out STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (6 downto 0)
);
end lifter;

 

architecture lift1_arch of lifter is
component led1
port(ledin:in std_logic_vector(3 downto 0);
ledout:out std_logic_vector(6 downto 0));
end component;

 

signal ur,dr:STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (6 downto 1);
signal dir,liftor:integer range 0 to 5;
signal wai_t:STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (2 downto 0);
signal div,cp,hand,clkin:STD_LOGIC;
signal ladd,s:STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (1 downto 0);
signal closex,delayx:STD_LOGIC;
signal run_wait: STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (3 downto 0);
signal st_out: STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (3 downto 0);
signal direct: STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (3 downto 0);
signal dout: STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (3 downto 0);
signal q:STD_LOGIC_VECTOR (21 downto 0);

 

begin
direct<='0'&conv_std_logic_vector(dir,3)+1;
st_out<='0'&conv_std_logic_vector(liftor,3)+1;
run_wait<='0'&wai_t;
lamp<=ladd(1);
hand<=wai_t(2) and (not wai_t(1)) and wai_t(0);
closex<=(not close) and (not ladd(1));
delayx<=(not delay) and (not ladd(1));
selout<="001" when s=0 else
"010" when s=1 else
"100" when s=2 else
"000";
dout<=direct when s=0 else
run_wait when s=1 else
st_out when s=2 else
"0000000";

 

u:led1 port map(dout,segout);

 

p0:process(clk)
begin
if (clk'event and clk='1') then
q<=q+1;
end if;
end process p0;
cp<=q(20);
s<=q(14 downto 13);
p1:process(cp)
begin
if (cp'event and cp='1') then
div<=not div;
if (dir=5) then
dir<=0;
else
dir<=dir+1;
end if;
end if;
end process p1;

 

p2:process(ur,dr,dir,upin,downin,st_ch,liftor,wai_t,run_stop,hand)
variable num,t:integer range 0 to 6;
begin
num:=liftor+1;
t:=dir+1;
if (run_stop='1') then
if (((t>num) and (st_ch='0')) or (upin='0')) then
case t is
when 1 => ur(1)<='1';
when 2 => ur(2)<='1';
when 3 => ur(3)<='1';
when 4 => ur(4)<='1';
when 5 => ur(5)<='1';
when 6 => ur(6)<='1';
when others =>Null;
end case;
elsif (hand='1') then
case num is
when 1 => ur(1)<='0';
when 2 => ur(2)<='0';
when 3 => ur(3)<='0';
when 4 => ur(4)<='0';
when 5 => ur(5)<='0';
when 6 => ur(6)<='0';
when others =>Null;
end case;
end if;
if (((t<num) and (st_ch='0')) or (downin='0')) then
case t is
when 1 => dr(1)<='1';
when 2 => dr(2)<='1';
when 3 => dr(3)<='1';
when 4 => dr(4)<='1';
when 5 => dr(5)<='1';
when 6 => dr(6)<='1';
when others =>Null;
end case;
elsif (hand='1') then
case num is
when 1 => dr(1)<='0';
when 2 => dr(2)<='0';
when 3 => dr(3)<='0';
when 4 => dr(4)<='0';
when 5 => dr(5)<='0';
when 6 => dr(6)<='0';
when others =>Null;
end case;
end if;
else
ur<="000000";
dr<="000000";
end if;
end process p2;

 

p3:process(ur,dr,liftor,ladd,wai_t,run_stop)
begin
if (run_stop='1') then
if (wai_t="110") then
if ((ur or dr)="000000") then
ladd(1)<='0';
else
case liftor is
when 0 =>if ((ur(1) or dr(1))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
else
ladd<="11";
end if;
when 1 =>if ((ur(2) or dr(2))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
elsif(((ladd(0)='1') and ((ur(6 downto 3) or dr(6 downto 3))>"0000")) or((ur(1) or dr(1))='0')) then
ladd<="11";
else
ladd<="10";
end if;
when 2 =>if ((ur(3) or dr(3))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
elsif(((ladd(0)='1') and ((ur(6 downto 4) or dr(6 downto 4))>"000")) or((ur(2 downto 1) or dr(2 downto 1))="00")) then
ladd<="11";
else
ladd<="10";
end if;
when 3 =>if ((ur(4) or dr(4))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
elsif(((ladd(0)='1') and ((ur(6 downto 5) or dr(6 downto 5))>"00")) or((ur(3 downto 1) or dr(3 downto 1))="000")) then
ladd<="11";
else
ladd<="10";
end if;
when 4 =>if ((ur(5) or dr(5))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
elsif(((ladd(0)='1') and ((ur(6) or dr(6))>'0')) or((ur(4 downto 1) or dr(4 downto 1))="0000")) then
ladd<="11";
else
ladd<="10";
end if;
when 5 =>if ((ur(6) or dr(6))>'0') then
ladd(1)<='0';
else
ladd<="10";
end if;
when others=>null;
end case;
end if;
end if;
else
ladd<="00";
end if;
end process p3;

 

p4:process(div,wai_t,ladd,closex,delayx)
begin
if (div'event and div='1') then
if (wai_t="000" or closex='1') then
wai_t<="110";
else
if (delayx='0') then
wai_t<=wai_t-1;
else
wai_t<="010";
end if;
if (wai_t="001") then
if (ladd="11") then
liftor<=liftor+1;
elsif (ladd="10") then
liftor<=liftor-1;
end if;
end if;
end if;
end if;
end process p4;
end lift1_arch;




关键词: 一个     电梯     控制器     程序     请求     logic     vec    

菜鸟
2007-08-24 11:20:54    评分
2楼

有那种步进程序设计吗?


共2条 1/1 1 跳转至

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