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Linux函数:access()

专家
2019-03-13 13:20:22    评分

access() - Linux man page
Name
access - check real user's permissions for a file
Synopsis

#include <unistd.h>
int access(const char *pathname, int mode);

Description
access() checks whether the calling process can access the file pathname. If pathname is a symbolic link, it is dereferenced.

The mode specifies the accessibility check(s) to be performed, and is either the value F_OK, or a mask consisting of the bitwise OR of one or more of R_OK, W_OK, and X_OK. F_OK tests for the existence of the file. R_OK, W_OK, and X_OK test whether the file exists and grants read, write, and execute permissions, respectively.

The check is done using the calling process's real UID and GID, rather than the effective IDs as is done when actually attempting an operation (e.g., open(2)) on the file. This allows set-user-ID programs to easily determine the invoking user's authority.

If the calling process is privileged (i.e., its real UID is zero), then an X_OK check is successful for a regular file if execute permission is enabled for any of the file owner, group, or other.
Return Value
On success (all requested permissions granted), zero is returned. On error (at least one bit in mode asked for a permission that is denied, or some other error occurred), -1 is returned, and errno is set appropriately.
Errors
access() shall fail if:

EACCES
    The requested access would be denied to the file, or search permission is denied for one of the directories in the path prefix of pathname. (See also path_resolution(7).)
ELOOP
    Too many symbolic links were encountered in resolving pathname.
ENAMETOOLONG
    pathname is too long.
ENOENT
    A component of pathname does not exist or is a dangling symbolic link.
ENOTDIR
    A component used as a directory in pathname is not, in fact, a directory.
EROFS
    Write permission was requested for a file on a read-only file system.

access() may fail if:

EFAULT
    pathname points outside your accessible address space.
EINVAL
    mode was incorrectly specified.
EIO
    An I/O error occurred.
ENOMEM
    Insufficient kernel memory was available.
ETXTBSY
    Write access was requested to an executable which is being executed.


reference: https://linux.die.net/man/2/access




关键词: Linux     access     函数    

管理员
2019-03-14 09:58:38    评分
2楼

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