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[原创]状态机的一种书写方式

工程师
2007-04-25 22:51:00    评分

`define S1 0
`define S2 1
`define S3 2
`define S4 3
`define S5 4
`define S6 5
`define S7 6
`define S8 7

module clk_gen2 (clk,reset,clk1,clk2,clk4,fetch,alu_clk);

input clk,reset;
output clk1,clk2,clk4,fetch,alu_clk;

wire clk,reset;
reg clk2,clk4,fetch,alu_clk;
reg[7:0] state,next_state;

wire s_s1 = state[`S1];
wire s_s2 = state[`S2];
wire s_s3 = state[`S3];
wire s_s4 = state[`S4];
wire s_s5 = state[`S5];
wire s_s6 = state[`S6];
wire s_s7 = state[`S7];
wire s_s8 = state[`S8];

assign clk1 = ~clk;

//----------------------状态机-----------------
//状态机的时序逻辑
always @(negedge clk)
state <= next_state;

//状态机的组合逻辑(可能没有实际的组合电路),仅表示状态跳转,
//增强代码的可读性
//既然是时钟发生器,最好不要用reset,否则复位将导致时钟中断,
//特别时钟要输出给其它模块或其它游器件用的时候
always @(state)
begin
next_state = 8'b0000_0000;

case(1'b1)
state[`S1] : next_state[`S2] = 1'b1;
state[`S2] : next_state[`S3] = 1'b1;
state[`S3] : next_state[`S4] = 1'b1;
state[`S4] : next_state[`S5] = 1'b1;
state[`S5] : next_state[`S6] = 1'b1;
state[`S6] : next_state[`S7] = 1'b1;
state[`S7] : next_state[`S8] = 1'b1;
state[`S8] : next_state[`S1] = 1'b1;
default : next_state[`S1] = 1'b1;
endcase
end

//-----------------处理逻辑-------------------------
always @(negedge clk)
clk2 <= ~clk2;

always @(negedge clk)
if (s_s1 | s_s2)
alu_clk <= ~alu_clk;

always @(negedge clk)
if (s_s2 | s_s4 | s_s6 | s_s8)
clk4 <= ~clk4;

always @(negedge clk)
if (s_s4 | s_s8)
fetch <= ~fetch;

endmodule

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关键词: 原创     状态机     一种     书写     方式     state    

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