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【应用手册】Cyclone III Simultaneous Switching Noise (SSN) Design Guidelines

2012-05-14 10:42:36    评分

【应用手册】Cyclone III Simultaneous Switching Noise (SSN) Design Guidelines
Low-cost FPGAs designed on 90-nm and 65-nm process technologies are
made to support high performance applications with system clocks and
interfaces such as DDR2 pushing 200 MHz and LVDS applications up to
840 Mbps. The device is designed with fast edge rates which can cause
signal integrity problems such as simultaneous switching noise (SSN)
which may limit system performance and affect circuit operation. These
problems can exist even at low data rates as the signal edge rate remains
the same regardless of the data rate. For high performance applications
such as DDR2 interfaces, Altera® has largely done the work by preassigning
DQ and DQS signals and accounting for SSN when setting
performance limits. For other applications, it is up to the designer to
determine the pin placement and I/O settings to optimize performance.
By following some simple guidelines and best practices for device
settings, pin-out selection, and PCB design, you can avoid many of the
signal integrity problems for your designs.
This application note provides a framework to describe SSN and
understand the sources of SSN, discusses ways to mitigate SSN for
Cyclone® III FPGAs by using I/O settings and selecting proper I/O
standards, and provides guidelines on PCB design that are good practice
for general high speed digital designs. To demonstrate the effects of the
various recommendations, characterization data measured on Cyclone III
devices is shown throughout.

关键词: 应用     手册     Cyclone     Simultaneou    

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